Dealing with itchy mosquito bites can make your summer miserable, but now there’s something else to worry about. The type of mosquitoes that can carry the Zika virus are found in a larger part of the US, including NJ.
Here’s what you should know about the Zika virus and why you shouldn’t hesitate to call our NJ pest control experts if you have a mosquito problem:
• Two mosquito species might be a Zika risk. One species, Aedes aegypti, is known to carry this virus from person to person. The other, known as the Asian tiger mosquito, might transmit it. Both species are found in NJ.
• Zika season might extend beyond summer. The Zika virus isn’t just a concern for summer. Mosquitoes that carry this disease are expected to be active between June and October.
• Zika can cause birth defects, making it a serious threat to pregnant women. The Zika virus is known to cause microcephaly, a severe form of brain damage that causes infants’ heads to be abnormally small.
• Travel between Puerto Rico and NJ is expected to add to Zika concerns. Many people travel to and from Puerto Rico via NJ’s Newark Airport. Puerto Rico has been hit hard by the Zika virus, raising concerns that travelers could unknowingly spread the disease in NJ.
If you have a mosquito problem, contact Allison Pest Control. Our NJ pest control experts can help reduce mosquito populations on your property.
New Jersey health officials are currently pleading for residents to be on guard against mosquito bites, given the glut of mosquito-borne illnesses surfacing this summer.
Bites from the following viruses pose a significant health risk, and can occur 3-14 days following exposure:
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE)
EEE is dangerous, producing headache, stiff neck, high fever, stupor, disorientation, tremors, convulsions, and coma. It has a 50% + mortality rate, and many who recover retain permanent disabilities. Children under 15 are especially at risk.
St. Louis encephalitis (SLE)
Slightly less severe than EEE with a 5-10% mortality rate. Symptoms range from mild fever and headache to those similar to EEE. It is commonly detected in urban and suburban settings.
West Nile (WNV)
Similar to SLE, WNV produces fever, muscle weakness, vomiting, and dizziness. Ten-15% develop serious, possibly fatal neurological effects, however 4/5 people infected show no symptoms.
La Crosse encephalitis (LACV)
Most severe in those 16 and under, initial symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. If severe, can lead to encephalitis, seizures, coma and paralysis. Rarely, long term disability or death can result.
Found for the first time in the continental U.S. last month, Chikungunya is not transmittable from person to person and is rarely fatal. Common symptoms include fever, joint and muscle pain, swelling, or rash, and headache.
Travelers may carry dengue, which is transmittable by mosquito bite. It can cause severe fever, joint, and muscle pain, and in extreme cases, fatal internal hemorrhaging.
There are hundreds of different tick species in the world, but only a few ticks interact with domestic animals and humans causing harm. Some ticks are opportunistic feeders that will attach themselves to any warm blooded host that they encounter while other ticks have a more selective appetite.
Most ticks are not born with disease causing agents. Unlike other bloodsucking pests, ticks do not feed often, but when they do, the chance of acquiring a disease is high because ticks feed off of one host and can transmit pathogens to the next host that they feed upon.
When a tick feeds off of an infected animal, then feeds off of a human and transmits a disease, the process is called “zoonosise.” Ticks can transmit a variety of dangerous diseases to humans such as Lyme disease, erlichiosious, babiosisos, and tularemia.
Simply put, ticks are dangerous insects! The best way to avoid tick borne diseases is to avoid tick encounters. Pest control professionals in Monmouth County, NJ recommend wearing light colored clothing while spending time outdoors. Industry experts agree that you should always use an insect repellant that contains DEET when spending any time outdoors during known tick seasons.
Ticks are very tiny before they have had their blood meal. After spending time outdoors you should always check children and yourself for ticks. Be mindful of all locations on the body as ticks are notorious for hiding in between toes, between folds of skin, on the scalp, and in other well hidden areas on the body.